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Three Components to Look For During Boiler Operation

Three Components to Look For During Boiler Operation

Boilers are a machine that functions to convert water into steam. The process of changing water into steam occurs by heating water in the pipes by utilizing heat from the fuel combustion. Burning is carried out continuously in the combustion chamber by flowing fuel and air from outside. The steam produced by the boiler is superheated steam with high pressure and temperature. The amount of steam production depends on the heat transfer surface area, flow rate, and heat of combustion given. Two boiler components that are often used are water tube boilers and caldera pirotubular.

Boilers can also be said to be a device for generating steam, which consists of two important parts, namely: heating kitchens, which produce heat obtained from burning fuel and boiler proper, a device that converts water into steam. Steam or hot fluids are then circulated from the kettle for various processes in the heating application.

In the operation of the boiler, there are parameters that must be considered, especially if it starts showing damage. If these parameters begin to not work optimally, then it should be immediately treated or repaired. These parameters include:

– Fuel analysis
This analysis is done to determine the content of oxygen, hydrogen, and carbon contained in the fuel used because the quality of fuel first can now be very different. This difference affects the air and heat requirements released in the combustion chamber, as well as the mass of the exhaust gas leaving the combustion chamber.

– Feedwater temperature
Changes in the temperature of the water entering the boiler determine the level of combustion required in the furnace, further affecting the heat generated and the amount of mass flow.

– Excess Air
The amount of air entering the combustion chamber affects the amount of heat carried from the furnace (dry gas loss), the amount of air coming out is an important factor for calculating boiler efficiency.

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